Life with Artificial Intelligence & Industrial Revolution 4.0

Dikarang oleh Asia Pacific University
21 Apr 2022
Kaunselor Sedia Ada!
This career webinar "Life with AI and Industry Revolution 4.0" by Ir. Ts. Dr. Lau Chee Yong aims to introduce the futuristic perspective of engineering in this world. 

The concept of Artificial Intelligence and Industrial Revolution 4.0 will be explained and the speaker will show you how these concepts are affecting the way we perceive engineering in future. 

Different engineering field of Asia Pacific University, APU will be introduced and students will be briefed about the future job skill set required in order to become an engineer

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.

AI is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience.

The Industry IR 4.0

Industry Revolution 4.0 refers to a new phase in the Industrial Revolution that focuses heavily on inter-connectivity, automation, machine learning, and real-time data.

The IR 4.0 isn’t just about investing in new technology and tools to improve manufacturing efficiency—it’s about revolutionizing the way your entire business operates and grows.

The Industrial Revolution 4.0

Element of IR 4.0

Cyber Physical System

Sensor to Actuator Flow
The Element of Sensor to Actuator Flow in IR 4.0
Internet of Things (IOT)
A computing system with the ability to transfer data over a network without the interaction of human-to-human or human-to-computer. 

Smart Technology
The word “SMART” refers to “self-monitoring, analysis, and reporting technology”. It provides cognitive awareness to objects that were in the past considered inanimate.
  • Smart Home
  • CCTV
  • Smart Water
  • Energy Consumption
  • SMart Product Management

Big Data

Artificial Intelligence


An example of IR 4.0 applied to a Mixed Rice Restaurant:
  • Camera vision keeps track of the selling speed of dishes.
  • Using big data to analyse earning and wastage and adjust the cost. 
  • Adding the cost of the raw material everyday, Al decided to decide the dish to be sold. 
  • Adding seasonal information about the raw material and providing forecasts. 
  • Monitor everything in your phone (IoT).

What IR 4.0 Can Offer

  • Accuracy
  • Long Hour
  • Consistency

What  IR 4.0 Can’t Offer

  • Creativity
  • Innovation
  • Human

Engineering Degree Programmes@ APU

  • Recognition Under Washington Accord
  • Dual Degree Program

Mechatronic Engineering
Discipline that integrates synergistic-ally Mechanical, Electronics, Control and Computer
Systems to develop intelligent autonomous machines that ease human lives.

SPOT by Boston Dynamics
  • Dog-a-like robot which helps in automating sensing and inspection
  • Combines Sensors and Actuator, Controller System, Programming, Electronics and Robotics

Job Scopes
  • Designing, developing and  enhancing electro-mechanical systems and mechatronic devices
  • Creating automated systems and the software to control them
  • Developing design documents for mechanical parts and final products
  • Identifying areas of weakness in the production line or finished products and making recommendations for improvement
  • Understanding problems and developing solutions that satisfy them

Electronic Engineering
Discipline that concerned with the study, design and applications of equipment, devices and systems which use Electricity, Electronics, and Electromagnetism

Job Scope
  • Electrical engineers analyze the requirements and costs of electrical systems in power systems and electrical machineries
  • Electronic engineers design, develop, test and supervise the manufacturing of electronic devices and systems.

Computer Engineering
Discipline that integrates Electronic Engineering and Computer Science required to develop interconnected systems of Computer Hardware with Intelligent Software

Job Scopes
  • Evaluate, design and maintain computer hardware and software systems
  • Resolve problems or address any concerns that occur with the hardware or software
  • Aid in the advancement of intelligent computer technology
  • Develop, test and design computer processors, circuit boards and network systems

Telecommunication Engineering
Discipline that combines Communication and Electronics engineering with Information
Technology for signals Transmission and Processing

Job Scope
  • Analyse customer needs in telecommunications infrastructure
  • Design and update telecommunications equipment and systems
  • Test and repair equipment
  • Provide advice on
  • suitable equipment, such as computer servers, and costs
  • Provide training for users of new equipment

Petroleum Engineering
Discipline that concerned with the Exploration and Production of hydrocarbons within upstream sector, which can be either Crude Oil or natural gas

Job Scopes
  • Design equipment to extract oil and gas from onshore and offshore reserves deep underground
  • Develop plans to drill in oil and gas fields, and then to recover the oil and gas
  • Develop ways to inject water, chemicals, gases, or steam into an oil reserve to force out more oil or gas
  • Develop ways to inject water, chemicals, gases, or steam into an oil reserve to force out more oil or gas
  • Evaluate the production of wells through surveys, testing, and analysis

Top 10 Skills of 2025

  • Analytical thinking and innovation
  • Leadership and social influence
  • Active learning and learning strategies
  • Technology use, monitoring and control
  • Complex problem-solving
  • Technology design and programming
  • Critical thinking and analysis
  • Resilience, stress tolerance and flexibility
  • Creativity, originality and initiative
  • Reasoning, problem-solving and ideation

Q & A Session

Does petroleum engineering require knowledge in organic chemistry?
It is not necessary. Organic chemistry is commonly used in Chemical engineering. Chemical engineering and petroleum engineering are very different. Chemical engineering is all about using chemistry to develop fuel, drugs and new substances; Whereas petroleum engineering covers chemistry and geology to extract oil and gas from under the earth’s surface.

What are the differences between Mechatronic Engineering and Computer Engineering?
Mechatronic engineering studies movement. Mechatronic engineers design and maintain machinery with electronic and computer control systems, such as aircraft, robots, motor vehicles, cameras, power generators and mining and chemical plant machinery

Computer engineering is about adding technology, intelligence and robotics into the current systems. It is also about building devices, designing computer networks and developing new technologies. They are focused on computer hardware and understanding how to optimize hardware for different applications.

What are the challenges in the IR 4.0 Mixed Rice principle 
Cost is the main issue. Everything involves costs and maintenance. Bosses in the younger generations and upcoming generations are more likely to embrace or adapt to the usage of AI or IR 4.0 due to the lack of manpower, which is the reason why we need more engineers in our society and in Malaysia.

How important is Artificial Intelligence in today’s society?
We are all living in a world that is full of Artificial Intelligence. It is basically ubiquitous in our daily lives. AI allows organizations and people to make better decisions, improving core business processes by increasing both the speed and accuracy of strategic decision-making processes.

Hope this article helps you learn more about Engineering courses and industry.  If you are unsure of which courses is more suitable for you, you can discover your interest and potential with our psychometric test for free now!

Make sure to follow our Facebook & Instagram for more updates on our upcoming webinars as well as other interesting events!

Information accurate at time of writing, April 2022
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